melenchon

फ्रान्समा सन १९८1 देखि सन १९९५ सम्म समावादी पार्टीका नेता  François Mitterrant राष्ट्रपति बनेका थिए | यस अवधिमा समाजवादी अवधारणा अनुसारका धेरै सुधारका कामहरु भए | त्यस पछाडी सन १९९५ देखि २०१२ सम्म उदारवादी अर्थतन्त्र अवलम्बन गर्ने पार्टीले सासन गर्यो | यो अवधिमा मध्यम बर्गमा निकै असन्तोष फैलियो | धनीहरुलाई कर छुट दिने र कामदार तथा मध्यम बर्गका सुविधाहरु कटौती गर्ने कानुनहरु बनाइयो यो अवधिमा | सन २०१२ को राष्ट्रपतिय निर्वाचनमा समाजवादी पार्टीका नेता François Hollande  राष्ट्रपतिमा निर्वाचित भए | << धनि ब्याक्तिहरुलाई घृणा गर्छु >> भन्ने वाक्य उच्चारण गर्दै चुनाबमा भिडेर राष्ट्रपति बनेका François Hollande बाट यहाका मध्यम बर्गले ठुलो अपेक्षा गरेका थिए | तर उनले आफ्नो ५ बर्षे कार्यकालमा मध्यम बर्गीयहरुको पक्षमा काम गर्न खासै सकेनन | उनको यो विफलताको कारण दोस्रो कार्यकालका लागि उनि उम्मेदवार बन्न सकेनन | ६० बर्ष यताका राष्ट्रपतिहरु मध्ये जनताबाट सबै भन्दा मन नपराइएका राष्ट्रपतिको रुपमा उनि दर्ज भए | यसले उनलाई मात्र असर गरेन | उनकै कारण समाजबादी पार्टीले सन २०१७ को राष्ट्रपतीय निर्वाचनमा नराम्रो हार बेहोर्यो | पार्टीको एउटा ठुलो समुह नयाँ राजनीतिक सक्तिमा बिलय भयो | सन २०१७ मा भएको प्रतिनिधि सभाको निर्वाचनमा समाजबादी पार्टीले जम्मा ३१ स्थान प्राप्त गर्यो जबकि यस पहिलाको निर्वाचनमा २९२ स्थान प्राप्त गरेको थियो | पार्टीका १०० भन्दा बढी उम्मेदवारहरुले ५ प्रतिसत मत पनि प्राप्त गर्न नसक्दा पुर्व संसद तथा पार्टीका उम्मेदवारहरु सरकारी अनुदान ( चुनाब खर्च ) बाट बन्चित हुनु पर्यो | प्राप्त मतको आधारमा पार्टीले प्राप्त गर्ने सरकारी अनुदान पनि एक चौथाइमा सिमित हुदा पार्टीको दैनिक खर्च चलाउन समस्या भइ पार्टी कार्यालय रहेका भवनहरु बिक्रि गर्ने प्रक्रिया थालियो | राष्ट्रपति तथा प्रतिनिधि सभाको निर्वाचन समाप्त भइसकेपछि पनि केन्द्रीयस्तरका नेताहरुले पार्टी छोड्ने क्रम रोकिएन | यस प्रकार फ्रान्समा पटक पटक सत्ता समालेको समाजवादी पार्टी अहिले बिघटनको संघारमा पुगेको छ |

समाजबादी पार्टीको यो कमजोर अवस्थाको कारण फ्रान्समा अहिले एउटा कट्टर वामपन्थी नेता Jean - Luc Mélenchon  को नेतृत्वमा नयाँ वाम ध्रुविकरणको ठुलो सम्भावना देखिन्छ | समाजवादी पार्टीबाट राजनीति सुरु गरेका उनि समाजबादी पार्टीको तर्फ बाट पटक पटक संसद सदस्य तथा मन्त्रि बनेका थिए | लामो समय समाजवादी पार्टीको कट्टरपन्थी समूहमा रहेर राजनीति गरेका उनले समाजवादी पार्टीबाट गरीबहरुको उद्दार सम्भब छैन भन्ने निस्कर्ष निकालेर सन २००८ मा आफ्नै एउटा कट्टर वामपन्थी पार्टी ( Parti de Gauche ) को स्थापन गरे | सन २०१२ को राष्ट्रपतिय निर्वाचनमा 11,1 % मत सहित चौथो स्थान प्राप्त गरेका उनले   सन २०१६ मा La France Insoumise नाम गरेको पार्टी ( आन्दोलन ) बनाए र Parti Communiste  Français ( PCF ) सँग चुनाबी तालमेल गर्न समेत सफल भए | फलस्वरुप सन २०१७ को राष्ट्रपतिय निर्वाचनमा 19,6% मत सहित चौथो स्थान हासिल गरे जबकि निर्वाचित राष्ट्रपतिले जम्मा २४ % मत प्राप्त गरेका थिए |

प्रतिनिधि सभामा चौथो ठुलो समूह भए पनि मुद्दाका हिसाबले Jean Luc Mélenchon को पार्टी La France Insoumise लाई नै बर्तमान सरकारको वास्तविक प्रतिपक्षी मान्न थालिएको छ | किनकी दोस्रो र तेस्रो स्थानमा रहेका अन्य दुइ पार्टीहरुका मुद्दा बर्तमान सरकारका मुद्दाहरु सँग धेरै मिल्दछन | कर घटाउने, घर बाहाल भत्ता घटाउने, कामदार बिरोधि श्रम कानुन लागु गर्ने आदि सरकारका हालैका निर्णयहरुको संसद र सडकबाट बिरोध भइरहेको छ र बिरोध कार्यक्रमहरुको  नेतृत्व La France Insoumise पार्टीले गरिरहेको छ | संसदीय दलको नेताको रुपमा संसदमा उनको उपस्थितिले एउटा छुटै माहोल शृजना गरेको कुरा सजिलै अनुभब गर्न सकिन्छ |  सडकहरुमा हुने विभिन्न प्रदर्सनहरुमा उनको उपस्थिति अनिवार्य जस्तै देखिन्छ | कमजोर बन्दै गरेको समाजवादी पार्टीका कार्यकर्ताहरु यो पार्टी La France Insoumise तर्फ आकर्षित भइरहेका छन भने अर्को कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी Parti Communiste Français का कार्यकर्ताहरु समेत यो पार्टी तर्फ आउने क्रम जारि छ | विभिन्न सर्वेक्षणहरुको परिणाम अनुसार Jean Luc Mélenchon नै बर्तमान राजनीतिका  सबै भन्दा प्रभाबसाली बिपक्षी नेता हुन | बिशेष गरि फ्रान्सका निम्न तथा  मध्यम स्तरका कामदार, मध्यम बर्गीय जनता  र आप्रबासीहरुका प्रिय नेता Jean Luc Mélenchon आफ्ना बिरोधि बिरुद्द सदन तथा सडकमा निकै आक्रामक रुपले प्रस्तुत हुन्छन | उनको प्रस्तुति देख्दा लाग्दछ उनि बि.स २०४७ का मदन भण्डारी वा बि.स २०६३  तिरका प्रचण्ड हुन | 

insumise

यी सबै कारणहरुबाट यो देखिन्छ कि अब फ्रान्समा कट्टर वामपन्थी पार्टीले सत्ता  समाल्ने दिन आउँन धेरै कुर्नु पर्दैन | यदि यो पार्टीले राष्ट्रपतिको पद जितेमा हालको संबिधान खारेज गरि नयाँ संबिधान बनाउने र वामपन्थी बिचार सग मिल्ने कार्यक्रमहरु कडाइका साथ लागु गरिने कुरा निश्चित छ | नेपालमा वाम एकताको चर्चा चलिरहेको बेला फ्रान्स जस्तो बिकसित देशका कट्टर वामपन्थिहरु कसरि उदारवादी अर्थव्यवस्था अपनाईरहेको देसलाइ समाजवादी देशमा रुपान्तर गर्न तम्सिएका छन ? यसै सन्दर्भमा कट्टर वामपन्थी पार्टीका नेता Luc Mélenchon ले प्रस्तुत गरेको चुनाबी घोषणापत्रलाइ अंग्रेजी अनुवाद गरि यहाँ प्रस्तुत गरिएको छ | यो घोषणापत्रलाइ ७ खण्ड ( A to G )  र  ८३ भागमा विभाजन गरेर प्रस्तुत गरिएको छ :

A - राजनीतिक क्षेत्रमा आमुल सुधारका योजनाहरु 

Everything begins with the power of citizens. how to restore power to the people, to put an end to the system of the mediatico - political caste and the presidential monarchy. It is the era of the people that must begin. The citizen revolution in which I believe is the pacific and democratic means of turning the page of the tyranny of the financial oligarchy and the caste which is at its service.It will be the task of a constituent assembly, convened to completely change the constitution, abolish the presidential monarchy and restore the power of popular initiative. I would like to be the last president of the Fifth Republic (बर्तमान संबिधान) and return home as soon as the new constitution has been adopted by the French people. The 6th republic (नयाँ संबिधान ) will begin and it will be a refoundation of France itself.  

                                                                               Jean-Luc Mélenchon 

 

1) Bringing together a Constituent Assembly ( संबिधान सभाको निर्वाचन )


     The new constitution that France needs must be radically new, understood in its method of writing: It can not be a simple patchwork of the 5th republic  (बर्तमान संबिधान), nor can it be summed up in a few reforms granted by the future president of the republic. It is the people themselves who must seize the issue and become involved throughout a constituent process. We propose the convening of an assembly specifically charged with drafting a new constitution under the control of the citizens: a constituent assembly. We shall submit to its work proposals for a democratic 6th democratic ( (नयाँ संबिधान ), egalitarian, instituting new rights and imposing the ecological imperative.

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>>> Call a referendum (article 11 of the constitution) to initiate the constituent process (modalities of composition of the constituent assembly - method of voting, parity, random draw and incompatibilities, modality of deliberation, association of citizens works … )

>>>> No parliamentarians of the former assemblies of the 5th republic will be able to sit in this constituent assembly. Delegates to the Constituent Assembly shall not be eligible for election following the entry into force of the new Constitution.

>>> The draft constitution proposed by the constituent assembly will be submitted to a referendum of approval.

 

2) To sweep away the oligarchy, to abolish the privileges of the caste ( एलिट बर्गले राज्यको स्रोतमा पाउदै आएको प्राथमिकताको अन्त्य )


French democracy is sick of privileges, of royal money and of collusion between politics and finance. A caste of privileged people, cut off from the realities of the life of the people, has confiscated power. This must cease: virtue must be at the center of political action.

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>>> render ineligible for life any person convicted of corruption.

>>> Remove the monopoly on the initiation of legal proceedings by tax authorities in case of fraud: justice must be able to investigate freely and on its own initiative, even against the advice of the minister.

>>>> To combat the pollution of the parliamentary debate by the lobbies, to prohibit the entry of the lobbyists in the precincts of the parliament and the gifts made to the parliamentarians.

>>> Ending pantouflage: Any public servant wishing to work in the private sector must resign from the public service and reimburse the price of his training if he has not served at least ten years, remove the ENA (अति उच्च स्तरीय नेता तथा कर्मचारी उत्पादन गर्ने स्कुल) external competition for any person who has never worked, harden the rules against conflicts interests, prohibited from performing a private function after having engaged in a public activity in the same sector.
>>> Implement the recommendations of anticor and transparency international to prevent corruption and to bring together the representatives of the representatives, in particular to oblige an elected official to make public his / her declaration of patrimony transmitted to the high authority for the transparency of the public life and delete the parliamentary reserve (साम्सद विकास कोष ) (financial envelope spent without a vote of the parliamentarian, at the discretion of each parliamentarian).
>>> End the usurpation by the medef ( रोजगारदाताहरुको संगठन ) of the speech of the entrepreneurs: to base the representativeness of the employers' organizations on the basis of elections, as is already the case for the trade unions of employees.

 

3) A republic allowing popular intervention ( निर्वाचन र निर्णय प्रक्रियामा जनताको ससक्त सहभागिताको ग्यारेन्टी )

The people are systematically kept apart from decisions. At most he has the right to vote once every five years without the possibility of intervening. It is time to trust citizens and allow for the debate and expression of popular sovereignty in all circumstances.

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>>> To establish the right to vote at 16 years, to introduce compulsory voting and the recognition of the white vote ( खालि मतपत्र ) as expressed vote and to generalize the proportional representation.

>> Create a right to revoke an elected representative during a mandate, by referendum, at the request of a party of the electorate.

>>>> Introduce the referendum of citizens 'initiative and citizens' right to propose a law.

>>> Make the referendum mandatory to revise the constitution or ratify any new European treaty and guarantee respect for the popular decision.

>>> Recognize the right to vote in local elections for foreign residents who are legally resident, as is already enjoyed by nationals of the countries of the European Union.

>>> Democratizing access to political responsibilities by allowing everyone to take a "Republican holiday", without risk for his or her employment or rights, in order to stand for election.

4) Abolish the presidential monarchy (राष्ट्रपतिय प्रणालीको अन्त्य गरि संसदीय व्यवस्थाको स्थापना )

The current presidential monarchy marginalizes the parliament. The president may dissolve the assembly, but the assembly can not overthrow it. Consequence: the deputies act more often as godillots, obliged of the monarch, than as representatives of the sovereign people. This system is a democratic anomaly.

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>>> Abolish the presidential monarchy by establishing a stable parliamentary system in which the government holds the executive and accountable authority before parliament, transferring the power of appointment to parliament.

>>> To elect the national assembly by proportional representation.

>>> Delete the senate and the economic, social and environmental council and create an assembly of popular and long-term intervention issuing an opinion on the ecological and social impact of the laws.

>>> Delete the court of justice of the republic and submit the members of the government to the ordinary justice.

5) A new stage in personal freedoms and emancipation (ब्याक्तिगत स्वतन्त्रता र आत्मसम्मानको रक्षा )

    A constitution is the guarantee for the people of the rights and freedoms that it recognizes itself. The 6th Republic will be the occasion to dedicate new civil and political rights but also personal, for a new stage of human emancipation.


We propose to carry out the following measures:

>>> Constitutionalize the non-commodification of the human body and the fundamental right to dispose of oneself in all circumstances: freedom of conscience, right to contraception and voluntary termination of pregnancy, right to die with dignity (including with assistance ), guaranteed access to palliative care.

>>> Authorize free civil registration in front of a registrar.

>>> Establishing descent by recognition as a principle by default, to recognize the right to medically assisted procreation (PMA) for all women, to refuse pregnancy for others (GPA), to make the best interests of the child prevail in all circumstances.

 

6) A universal republic (समानता ) 

No freedom is possible without equality between people. Pretty procrastinated! impose equal rights! punish those who wish to escape. Let us make progress together in equality in rights and in all areas.

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>>> Make france of all woods
       > Defend the right of the ground (जन्मसिद्द नागरिकता ) for children born in France, including overseas.

    > Facilitate access to French nationality for foreigners legally present on the territory.

  > Reinstate the ten-year residence permit as a residence permit for foreigners.
 
  
>>> Abolish segregation and combat all forms of racism

  > Introduce the identity control receipt to prohibit facies control.

 > Ensure real equality and combat discrimination based on gender, disability, appearance, skin color, age, sexual orientation, religion or belief, social origin or wealth.

>>>> Abolish patriarchy in state and society

> Impose equality of conditions between women and men in political, administrative, economic, trade union and associative institutions.

> Strengthen the law and the means against violence against women.

> Generalize family planning in its training and education missions for contraception and the right to abortion.

> Adopt a law against sexism.

> Abolish prostitution and guarantee the dignity of the human person.

>>>>> Ensure the equality of all families, children and married and living together couples (in matters of succession, funerals, reversionary pensions, etc.), to open the joint plenary adoption to all couples, married or not.

 

7 - A secular republic (एक धर्मनिरपेक्ष गणतन्त्र)

 

Secularism is attacked on all sides and exploited by its historical opponents, religious and racist fundamentalists who also want to make it a pretext to blame the Muslims. Secularism is the condition of everyone's freedom of conscience, equality and fraternity among all citizens regardless of their philosophical or spiritual option. It makes possible action by the state in the service of the general interest.

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>> Extend the benefit of the application of the law of 1905 to all the territory of the republic (abrogate the concordat of alsace-moselle and the various specific statutes in force in the overseas territories)

>> Ensure freedom of conscience and equality of all spiritual options before the law.

>> Fighting all communitarianism and the political use of religions.

>> to refuse public funding for the construction of religious buildings, religious activities and denominational establishments.

>> Refuse to meet from state to state those who oblige our ministers women to wear accoutrements contrary to the republican dignity.

>> To prohibit the presence of minister and prefects in religious ceremonies and to refuse the title of " chanoine de latran " for the president of the republic.

 

8) The citizen revolution in the media ( मिडिया क्षेत्रमा ब्यापक सुधार )

 

There is no democracy possible without free and pluralistic information. Our media are very sick: money, sensationalism and the tyranny of buzz. The citizen revolution must be conducted without weakness in the media!

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>> To elect the president of france television and radio france by the parliament.

>> Adopt an anti-concentration law for the media, protecting the sector of financial interests, favoring the transformation of the media into cooperatives of employees and readers / listeners / viewers and allocate frequencies to the local and associative media.

>> Fighting the "sondocracy": ban the poll in the days preceding the elections and adopt the bill on polls voted unanimously by the senate in 2011 and buried since.

>> Create a "national media council" in place of the higher council of the audiovisual to make it a real against citizen power guaranteeing the pluralism of the opinions and the supports, as well as the quality of all the media.

>> Restore public aid to the press to reserve them for the information media and to pool the production tools (printers, servers, distribution, etc.)

>> Protect the sources and the independence of the editorial offices with regard to the economic and political powers by the strengthening of the legal status of the editorial offices and an ethics charter in the collective agreement.

 

9) The Guarantor Republic of the Commons ( वाताबरण संरक्षणको सुनिस्चितता )

 

The republic is a hollow word if it ignores the concrete conditions of people's lives. It can only be social. But the ecological imperative also requires more of the republic and a republic of a new kind. Climate change threatens the existence of human life on the planet. All alike, we are bound by a general human interest: to preserve the biosphere that makes human life possible. It is time for the republic to be an ecologist.

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>>> Constitutionalize the green rule: not to take more from nature than it can reconstitute, nor to produce more than it can bear.

>>> Protecting the common goods: air, water, food, living, health, energy, money are not goods. They must be managed democratically: the right of ownership must be subject to the general interest, protected common property and developed public services.

>> Constitutionalizing and enforcing rights to work and housing.

>> Amnesty trade unionists and activists condemned for acts of social, ecological, or for the defense of liberties, to protect the launchers of warning and to invest the employees of a mission of alert social and environmental

 

10) Recognizing corporate citizenship and new rights for employees ( कामदारहरुलाइ  थप नयाँ अधिकारहरु )

 

As Jean Jaurès said, "The great revolution made the French kings in the city and left them serfs in business." Since the contract of employment is the only contract of subordination in our country, it is time to bring citizenship back into business.

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>> Grant the new right of control to the works councils on the finances of their company.

>> Establish the right for employees against economic redundancies by a suspicious right of veto of works councils.

>> Establish the right for employees to vote in favor of corporate executives or strategic projects.

 

11) Justice on behalf of the people ( जनताका लागि न्याय )

 

 Justice is rendered "in the name of the French people". But too often, the public service of justice can not carry out this heavy task. The courts are on the verge of "co-lingarization"; human and financial resources are lacking to ensure a reasonable timeframe; litigants, such as justice professionals, are entitled to demand an unprecedented effort.

 

>> Ensure the judicial protection of youth, juvenile justice, delinquency prevention policy and educational sanctions.

>> End the pauperization of justice and prison administration.
    

   > Implement a staff recruitment plan to reduce congestion in the courts.

    > Renovate and build new premises for the courts.

   > To recruit 20,000 prison officers for inmate escorts.

   > Ending the whole prison system with alternatives to prison, renovating prisons to guarantee human dignity and ensuring the socialization of prisoners.

>>> Replace the ministerial instructions to the public prosecutor's office by means of criminal policy legislation, debated and voted on by parliament.

>>> Replace the superior council of the magistracy by a superior council of justice designated in part by the magistrates and the parliament, to which it will be responsible.

>>> Reforming jurisdictional dualism by abolishing the jurisdictional function of the State Council and by creating a supreme jurisdiction common to both orders of jurisdiction (merging the Court of Cassation and the jurisdictional function of the Council of State)

 

12)  Une politique antiterroriste rationnelle (आतंकबाद बिरोधि उचित नीति )

 

Safety is one of the "natural and imprescriptible" rights of the human being, according to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen of 1789.  The odious attacks committed in France in 2015 and 2016 question: how to protect the population of terrorist killings? how can we guarantee our freedom in this context? In this matter, the security escalation does not protect, it weakens and makes the game of the assailants. It is an entirely different policy and a global strategy that are necessary to live in peace.

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>>> Refusing the logic of the clash of civilizations and the "inner war", to emerge from destabilizing wars and hypocritical alliances with the Gulf's petro monarchies.
>>> Improve prevention by embarking on a political strategy to strengthen Republican antibodies and remove the breeding ground of communitarianism by more republic, secularism, education, social justice and citizen involvement.
>>> Reject the logic of the exception to reaffirm the rule of law.
  > To allow the exit of the state of emergency on the initiative of the parliament, state that does not protect better.
 > Assess existing anti-terrorism law.
 > Gradually stop the <sentinel> operations to entrust the security of public places to the police.
 > Guarantee the judicial judicial control of counter-terrorism operations and increase the means of counter-terrorism justice in order to ensure an effective, lasting and respectful fight against fundamental rights and freedoms.
>>> Strengthen territorial and human intelligence by reversing the merger of the Directorate of Territorial Surveillance (DST) and General Intelligence (RG), focusing on infiltration in relation to the all-tech, analysis of the information collected, and imposing an obligation on the intelligence authorities to report to a standing parliamentary committee.
>>> Fight against the embrigade and support the procedures of reporting by the relatives and the programs of care of the suspected persons.
>>> Introduce a civil rights disqualification penalty in the event of tax evasion or illicit activities to finance terrorist activities, punish funding for trafficking in terrorist networks and requisition companies that collaborate with the aggressors.

 

13) Ensuring safety and security ( सान्ति सुरक्षाको प्रत्याभूति )


The republic needs justice. She also needs a police; a republican police, acting to protect individual and collective freedoms. The security policy must be re-established in relation to the population by integrating the conscripts, away from the chin and the double standards. Objective: a public safety policy starting with the strengthening of public services.

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>>> Strengthen the public safety policy on the basis of the "prevention, deterrence, sanction", and reaffirm its national character.
   

> Put an end to the number policy and eliminate the performance bonuses, the amounts of which will be gradually redistributed to the different categories of agents.
  

> Restore local police by rethinking the objectives of municipal police forces and affirming the distinction between national and local missions.

 > Make the assessment of the security laws, repeal the ineffective provisions and reinforce the prevention policies.
 

> Dismantle the BACs (Anti-Crime Brigades) which are only flagrante delicto and do not ensure a good relationship between the police and the population.
  

> Integrate into the public service certain security functions that are now privatized (Airport security in particular)

>>> Make the Republican Police
 

> To end the police and justice at two speeds by significantly increasing the police force in charge of white collar delinquency in connection with taxation, customs and financial justice.
 

> Prioritize the dismantling of trafficking (drugs, arms, prostitution, human beings ...) and the fight against financial delinquency, corruption and terrorism.
 

> Disencumbering police action through the contravention of drug consumption and the legalization of the use of cannabis

 

> Improve the reception of the public and reduce the waiting time for taking a complaint into account and the length of the investigation, and have the police evaluated with user satisfaction surveys.

 > Alleviate conflicts within the police force by internal dialogue bodies.
 

> Rewrite the code of ethics and emphasize its importance in the training of police forces, and establish the missions of "defense of freedoms and the republic" removed by Manuel valls in 2014.
 

> Prohibit the Tasser and Flash-ball, as well as the grenades of disentanglement to favor the de-escalation of the confrontations.

>>> Strengthen the human and material resources of the security forces, in quantity and quality.
        
> Implement a qualitative improvement plan for the police and the gendarmerie.

         > Recruit administrative officers to release police officers and gendarmes who are able to go to the field and work on administrative posts.

        >  Reduce the number of policemen and gendarmes to those of 2007.
       > To double the number of technical and scientific police.
       > To eliminate the precarious and low-skilled status of the 11,000 security assistants by allowing the training and the establishment of those who wish to do so.
      > To extend the training period for pupil peacekeepers to two years.
 > Launch a renovation plan and build police stations to combat the "bogging" of the building and the abandonment of certain territories.
> Provision of services in sufficient technical and material resources, general renewal of the computer park under security constraints of exchanges.

 14) Youth in the service of the general interest and the security of the nation (युवाहरू  राष्ट्रको सेवा र  सुरक्षामा )


Today, many tasks essential to the safety and integrity of the nation are not assured. This is true both from the point of view of defense and security, as well as from ecological integrity, solidarity and relief to the population. These concerns can not be left to merchants or service agents alone. It is the whole nation that has to face it, for both civilian and military tasks. P

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>>> Creating a compulsory citizen service
     > For women and men
    > By circumscription before 25 years, close to the place of life, limiting the <barracks> to the functions that really require it.
    > A total of nine months, including initial military training including a right to conscientious objection.
 > Remunerated at the Smic.
> Assigned to tasks of general interest: public relief, fire-fighting, public security, defense, civil defense, protection and repair of the environment, support to associations labeled general interest.
> Presence throughout the territory, including overseas, rural areas and working-class neighborhoods
 > Includes a health check, an assessment of the writing, reading, and calculation skills with their possible upgrading, free driving training and the passing of the driving license examination.
>>> Create a National Guard under civil and compound command
    > young people in compulsory citizenship who have chosen to integrate the reserve for the protection of the safety and integrity of the nation.
 > Existing units labeled; national security reserve, civil security reserve, citizens' reserve

 15) Real equality for the overseas (समुन्द्रपार रहेका जिल्ला तथा क्षेत्रलाइ समान अधिकार )

 

Overseas are the luck of France. They could be advanced points of ecological planning and human progress. Instead of developing themselves endogenously, they are maintained in dependence on an unequal system of economics of complication and mass poverty. The republic must live everywhere and for all!

We propose to carry out the following measures:

>>> To support the republic, equality, mestizaje, and the right of soil against racism and ethnicism.
    > Ensure the democratic holding of the referendum on self-determination planned in New Caledonia in 2018.
  > Extend secularism in the overseas, applying the 1905 law where it is not.
  > To support the teaching of overseas languages ​​and cultures for those who request it, and to enhance the diversity of cultural and linguistic patents that the overseas countries bring with populations.
 
>>> Make overseas pilot territories of ecological planning.
   > Develop and implement a plan of energy autonomy for each overseas territory using available renewable energies, terrestrial (Geothermal, solar, wind) and marine (wind, using temperature differences ...)
  > Make overseas territories pilot territories of the sea economy, equip each of them with at least a maritime vocational high school and the higher training necessary for this development.
  > Preserving the overseas biodiversity treasures (strengthening the means of study and protection)

>>> Ensure equality and the presence of the state

   > Guarantee territorial continuity (public service at regulated tariffs), regional interconnection and intra-territorial disenclavation (in French Guiana in particular)
   > Initiate a multi-annual investment and development plan for public services (transport, education, health, housing, culture)
   > Remove the tax exemptions benefiting the ultra-rich for overseas investments (notably on the ISF)

>>> Promote endogenous development in breach with the current model of economy of counter
    > Free overseas private monopolies and the capture of wealth through rent and developing public distribution channels and production in cooperatives.
   > Protecting local economies for a customs shield: preserving dock dues strengthen the commercial protection of local products (kilometric tax to promote local production, favoring imports with a small ecological footprint, commercial preference for overseas products in metropolitan France and in europe, balanced commercial partnerships with regional neighbors)

    > Achieve food self-sufficiency by supporting the development of ecological and peasant agriculture and local agro-food processing
>>> Make overseas levers alternative on a global scale.

   > To make the mayor of the regional centers of co-development: transfer of technology to neighbors, logistical and scientific help, invest in high-level training institutions (health) benefiting both ultramarine students and neighboring countries .
   > To join the regional cooperations in an approach of ecological, social development and human progress: for example the ALBA (Bolivarian Alliance for the peoples of our america) for the French West Indies and Guyana, Southern Africa for Mayotte and La Meeting, etc.
    > Building support points for ecological fighting of universal interest: support for the preservation of forests (Guyana for the Amazon); support for Pacific and Indian Ocean populations threatened by rising water levels; defense of the seabed against oil and industrial fishing. क्रमश...........

 

क्रमश : कट्टर वामपन्थी पार्टीको यो घोषणापत्रका तल उल्लेखित बाकि ६ वटा खण्ड र त्यी खण्डहरु  अन्तर्गत रहेका कुल ७८ भाग क्रमश प्रकासित गर्दै जाने छु :

>> संरक्षण र वितरणको क्षेत्रमा आमुल सुधारका योजनाहरु

>> वातावरण संरक्षणको क्षेत्रमा आमुल सुधारका योजनाहरु

>> युरोपियन युनियनको नयाँ मोडेलका लागि आमुल सुधारका योजनाहरु

>> फ्रान्सको स्वतन्त्रताका लागि आमुल सुधारका योजनाहरु

>> जनताको जीवन स्तर बृदिका लागि आमुल सुधारका योजनाहरु

>> समुन्द्र, अन्तरिक्ष र सुचना तथा प्रबिधिको बिकाशका लागि आमुल सुधारका योजनाहरु

 

-  BHANDARI Ramchandra